Category: Two Houses

33 YEARS: David’s Reign of 33 yrs. – Messiah’s 33-yr. “Cut Off” – Ezekiel’s 33 Years & the Holy City/District

33 YEARS: David’s Reign of 33 yrs. – Messiah’s 33-yr. “Cut Off” – Ezekiel’s 33 Years & the Holy City/District

The 33-year reign of King David from the City of David is found in 1 King 2:11: “The period that David reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years he reigned in Hebron, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.”

This author, along with scores of other Biblical researchers, has determined that the ministry of Jesus was some 3.5 years or 1,260 days, or “time, times and half a time” as well as 42 months.  In Luke 3:23 it states: “Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age . . . “  

The reckoning below determines the number of feast days Jesus attended in the book of John. Jesus’ attendance at these feasts demands at least a 3.5-year ministry.  If we are to assume that Jesus commenced His earthly ministry at the baptism of John in John 1:29 and John 1:35 (2 separate days) on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement (10 Tishrei – the fall season) – then Jesus would have been participating in at least 4 separate Passovers, the Feast of Tabernacles and the Feast of Dedication/Hanukkah, as follows:

  • Day of Atonement – Jesus begins His “ministry” (10 Tishrei – Fall Season in 29 AD – Julian Calendar)

6 months to His 1st Passover…John 1:29, 35

  • Jesus’ First Passover – (14 Nisan – Spring Season in 30 AD)

12 months to 2nd Passover…John 2:13, 23

  • Jesus’ Second Passover – (14 Nisan – Spring Season in 31 AD)

12 months to 3rd Passover…John 5:1

  • Jesus’ Third Passover – (14 Nisan – Spring Season in 32 AD)

6 months to the Feast of Tabernacles…John 6:4

  • Jesus’ Feast of Tabernacles – (15 Tishrei – Fall Season in 32 AD)

70 days to the Feast of Dedication…John 7:2

  • Jesus’ Feast of Dedication – (24/25 Kislev – Winter of 32 AD)

110 days to Jesus’ 4th and Final Passover…John 10:22 [70 days (15 Tishrei to 24/25 Kislev) + 110 days (from 24/25 Kislev to 13/14 Nisan) = 180 days = 6 months]

Total:  6 months (29-30 AD) + 12 months (30-31 AD) + 12 months (31-32 AD) + 6 months (32 AD) + 6 months (70 days + 110 days = 180 days = 6 months – 32-33 AD) = 3 ½ years (or 42 months or 1,260 days or “3 1/2 days” seen as “years” according to Daniel’s 70th Weeks Vision)

In that Jesus’ ministry extended over a period of 3 ½ years or 42 months—naturally, we see various mathematical  fractals/resemblances seen in the 70th Week of Daniel in which the first half of the Week is 1,260 days or 42 months and the latter half of the Week is the same for a total of 1,260 days + 1,260 days = 2,520 days or 7 days/ 1 heptad (7s) or 7 Years = 1 Week. Even so we have the 42 months of Jesus’ ministry on earth with the “Passion Week” from Palm Sunday to Resurrection Sunday Morning being another expression of the Week – 3 1/2 days (Palm Sunday to Passover Preparation Day on Wednesday) and another 3 1/2 days (Passover until Resurrection Sunday morning or Nisan 10 to Nisan 17 – Sunday to Sunday).

There now is sufficient evidence that would indicate Jesus’ birth occurred in the spring, on Passover in 1 BC (See Footnote #1 at the end of this missive) – using “astronomical time” where 1 BC is a full 12-month year and 1 AD is a full 12-month year); therefore, at the end of 1 BC (December) Jesus is now 9 months of age (Spring to Winter = 9 months). Again, Jesus’ “ministry” commences at the age of 29, according to Luke 3:23: “Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age” – yes, 29 years + 9 months of age on Tishrei 10, the Day of Atonement: “Behold the Lamb of God” –

Jesus continues in age from 1 AD through to the end of 32 AD and is now 9 months and 32 years of age at the end of 32 AD.  Since “Messiah the Prince” was “cut off” (crucified–Daniel 9:26) on Passover Preparation Day, 13 Nisan, in 33 AD that would have added an additional 3 months to His 32 years and 9 months of age – consequently, Jesus would have died at precisely 33 years of age – on His 33rd birthday in 33 AD, having lived an “earthly” life a full 32 years.

Jesus “owns” the “33” – both His age and the year of 33 AD.  Your local Free Mason Lodge does NOT own the “33” (just so you know – they tried to hijack it).

Thus, Jesus’ “33” and the year of 33 AD, as well as King David’s reign from Jerusalem from the City of David for 33 years comport with one another; along with the 33 years which elapsed between (see below) between the commencement of Judah’s Babylonian captivity in 607 BC unto 574 BC the year (574 BC) in which Ezekiel’s 25th year of Ezekiel’s personal captivity (or from 599 BC to 574 BC).

Furthermore, this “33” is not only seen in the Lion of the Tribe of Judah – KING DAVID and viewed in “David My Servant” in Ezekiel 34:23-24; 37:24-25 – but is also seen in the 33 years separating Judah’s Captivity commencing in 607 BC unto 574 BC (i.e., 607 – 574 = 33 years). Revelation 5:5: “And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

We are able to ascertain these 33 years – from Ezekiel 40:1: “In the twenty-fifth year of our captivity, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city (i.e., Jerusalem) was captured (i.e., fell), on the very same day the hand of the LORD was upon me; and He took me there . . . [and Ezekiel saw] . . . something like a city (the Holy District).

How’s that?  First of all, we must calculate that the fall of Jerusalem under the siege of King Nebuchadnezzar was in 587/586 BC – the siege having begun several years prior to this date cir. 589/588 BC – however, 587/586 BC are the traditional dates given for the 9th of AV – the Fall of Jerusalem.

The “25 years captivity” would then find itself 25 years less 14 years = 11 years would have to be “added on” to arrive at 25 years (14 years + 11 years = 25 years).  Therefore, we must count an additional 11 years from 587/586 BC (the Fall of Jerusalem) and arrive at 598/597 BC (587 BC + 11 years = 598 BC) – the beginning of, at least, Ezekiel’s personal captivity. 

This will give us the full “25 years captivity spoken of in Ezekiel 40:1 (“In the twenty-fifth year of our captivity . . . in the fourteenth year after the city was captured”).  Furthermore, those years (598/597 BC) would have been the year(s) in which Ezekiel was taken into his personal captivity—after the initial deportations of Daniel and the “lads” in 608/607 BC . . . for there were a number assaults by the Babylonians upon Judah (2 Kings 24:1 – Nebuchadnezzar’s first assault). 

Simply put – Ezekiel’s 25 years at their maximum end in the year 599/598 BC (599 less 25 years = 573/572 BC – the year Ezekiel saw the vision of the Holy City/District in the year 573 BC (some 25 years from his own captivity)–Ezekiel 40:1.

If Ezekiel’s Captivity commenced in the year 598/9 BC @ 25 years (14 years from the 587/586 date of the Fall of Jerusalem or 573 + 14 + 11 = 598/99 BC – then we would simply calculate an additional 8 years to arrive at 33 years or 598/9 + 8 years = 607 BC (the Fall of Jerusalem).  I realize that these dates have sundry months wherein some years are but 3 months and other years 10 months (but are considered a full year regardless of how many months of that particular year), etc. – consequently, they are “hard to follow” but result in the same total 33 years and/or “up to precisely 33—i.e., 32 full years—much like Jesus’ full 32 years up to 33 years of age.

All this to say that if the initial Babylonian Captivity of 70 years for Judah was from 608/607 BC unto the Decree of the Persia King Cyrus in 538/537 BC, we arrive at the full 70-year Captivity of Judah (See:  Jeremiah 29:10; 2 Kings 24:12-16; Daniel 1:1-3, 6; Ref. 2 Chron. 36:10; 2 Chron. 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4; Isa. 44:28); NOTE:  The “Hebrew Calendar vs. other calendars CONSTRICTS the dates; therefore, 605 BC is extended 2 years unto 608/607 BC). (Also:  Please note John Pratt’s complimentary accounting of the 70-year captivity @ Footnote #1)

Whereas, Ezekiel’s Vision of the Holy City/District took place 14 years after the Fall of Jerusalem in 587/586 BC less the 14 years unto 574/573 BC — then it is more than reasonable to conclude that 33 years transpired between 608/607 BC (i.e., the initial attack by then Viceroy Nebuchadnezzar against Judah) and 574/573 BC (the year that Ezekiel saw the vision of the Holy City/Holy District.  Put another way: 607 BC less 33 years = 574 BC) – it’s just that profoundly simple.

This would highlight God’s ultimate plan and purpose for the ages validated in both Testaments of the Earthly and Heavenly – multi-dimensional New Jerusalem!  Her vision as seen by Ezekiel includes the names of the 12 tribes of Israel—just as John, the Revelator’s vision of the Holy City (Ezekiel 48:30-35; Rev. 21:12) – with the addition in the Revelation of the “heavenly component” being the names of the 12 Apostles of the Lamb for a  total of “24” (12 Gates bearing the names of the 12 Tribes of Israel and 12  Foundations bearing the names of the 12 Apostles of the Lamb [Rev. 21:14]).

What I am suggesting is this:  KING David’s Rule and Reign from the City of David for 33 years expresses the UNITED KINGDOM OF DAVID wherein both Judah and Israel (Ephraim) were united under the “Tabernacle of David” (Acts 15:14-17; Amos 9:11-12).  That UNITED KINGDOM is prophetically brought back under DAVID MY SERVANT in Ezekiel 34:23-24; 37:24-25 via the “Covenant of Peace” between the House of Judah and the House of Israel – Judah and Ephraim – the Two Sticks in the Hand of the Lord. Now envisioned within the 33 years of Judah’s exile from 607 BC to 574 BC when Ezekiel saw the vision of the Holy City/District is yet another confirmation of the importance of the “33” in revealing divine truth.

Furthermore, the captivity of Judah in 608/607 BC had in view the ultimate manifestation of the New Jerusalem’s possession of the Earth “14 years” after the Fall of Jerusalem in 587 BC or in 574 BC.  The number set of “14” connotes KINGSHIP (See Matthew 1:17). 

These 33 years (viz., 607 BC to 574 BC) declare that the Holy City/District as seen by Ezekiel can only come about by the manifestation of the UNITED KINGDOM OF DAVID under DAVID MY SERVANT which is Messiah’s 33 years of age/33 AD.

This incredible composition of “33s” from David’s Rule and Reign over Judah and Israel from the City of David – through the Vision of the Holy City/District some 33 years after the initial captivity of Judah – unto Messiah’s 33 is simply breathtaking and demonstrates the absolute use of numbers to declare the Divine Intention – the very Person and Work of the Son of God/Son of Man!

In essence we are viewing 3 sets of 33 years.  A prophetic year is equal to 360 days; however, the rotation of the earth around our sun is 360 degrees (and that is a constant–her elliptical orbit).  If we multiply 33 years X 360 degrees, we arrive at 11,880° viewed as two sets of “18” or a total digit sum of 1+1+8+8 = 18 or 2 sets of 18 as in 18 + 18 = 36 which in turn reflects, once again, the ETERNAL GOD without beginning or ending as in 360° in a circle. 

The earthly expression of the Holy City has a base perimeter of 18,000 cubits (Ezk. 48:35) and the declaration: “And the name of the city from that day shall   be:  THE LORD IS THERE” (viz., YHWH Shammah). 

The cubed perimeter of the heavenly New Jerusalem is calculated as:  12,000 furlongs X 12 edges of a cube = 144,000 linear furlongs X 660 ft. (1 furlong = 660 ft.) = 95,040,000 feet–(Rev. 21:16) (Note:  The distance in miles between our Earth and Sun is approximately 95,040,000 miles.) and 95,040,000 ft. ÷ 5,280 ft. (1 mile) = 18,000 miles. 

Finally, although this is a “bit over the top” – the “12” clearly delineated dates recorded on 12 separate occasions in Ezekiel—excluding the calendric accounting of the Feast Days in Ezekiel 45:18-25 add to 154 years (e.g., 13 + 6 + 7 + 9 + 11 + 10 + 27 + 11 + 11 + 12 + 12 + 25 = 154) X 360 degrees in a year’s elliptical orbit around the sun = 55,440 X 2 = 110,880 or our two sets of “18” once again. However, 5040/2 = 2520 which reflects the Hebrew Sacred Cubit of 25.20 inches. Oddly enough when all the years, months, and days are summed up they total 289 – and, as factors we find that 2 X 8 X 9 = 144 (just sayin’).

Thus, Ezekiel’s 18,000 cubits is a fractal of the 18,000-mile heavenly New Jerusalem.  Furthermore, when we eliminate the zeroes, we arrive at 18 + 18 = 36 which is, as previously stated, a fractal of the 360° of a circle, without beginning or ending, or the expression of the Eternal God, Who through the Son of God/Son of Man – our Messiah, brings heaven to earth and earth into heaven in eternal relationship and administration:  THE NEW JERUSALEM – the Bride of Messiah!

Footnote #1 – https://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/captivity.html )

THREE PART SERIES ON EZEKIEL 4:4-6 – RE: ISRAEL & JUDAH

THREE PART SERIES ON EZEKIEL 4:4-6 – RE: ISRAEL & JUDAH

PART 1 – THE 390 DAYS EZEKIEL RESTED ON HIS LEFT SIDE FOR ISRAEL & THE 40 DAYS ON HIS RIGHT SIDE FOR JUDAH – EZEKIEL 4:4-6. ITS POSSIBLE MEANING . . .

Ezekiel’s text was written around the Fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C.—Judah was going into Babylonian captivity and had been since possibly 608 B.C. whereas the 10 Northern Tribes (Ephraim/Jezreel/Samaria/Israel) had undergone deportations by the Assyrians from as early as 745 B.C. unto at least 712 B.C. with the “Fall of Samaria” (Israel’s Northern Capital) cir. 722 B.C.

Ephraim-Israel had been “swallowed up…Now they are among the Nations…For they have gone up to Assyria” (Hosea 8:7-8).

Leviticus 26 cites four times that the Hebrews would suffer retribution and/or judgment some SEVEN TIMES whatever their judgment was; therefore, 390 days are spoken of as YEARS in Ezekiel 4 – consequently 7 X 390 years = 2,730 years; whereas 7 X 40 years is equal to 280 years.

Furthermore 390 + 40 is equal to 430 which 430 is akin to the 430 years between the Promise and the Passover (Exodus 12:40-41; Galatians 3:17). Thus, embedded in Israel and Judah’s judgment was the very PROMISE made of the “S”eed through Isaac, wherein the Almighty promised Isaac at age 52 that he would have a son—and, in fact at 60 years of age Isaac had both Esau and Jacob – there is/was 430 years between the time Isaac received the promise in Genesis 26 and the first Passover in Egypt – i.e., from 1875 B.C. unto 1445 B.C.

It is my conviction that the 2,730 years commenced with Ephraim-Israel at the “complete” Fall of Samaria in 722 B.C. (a date most scholars accord to the 10 Tribes’ demise – with mopping up actions among the Israelites by the Assyrians until the defeat of the Assyrians vs. Hezekiah at Jerusalem in 712 B.C.) – so that the DEMARCATION date of 712 B.C. marks the commencement of the 2,730 years of Ephraim’s retribution.

If so, God’s judgment/retribution upon Ephraim would persist from 712 B.C. unto 2018 AD or some 2,730 years; whereas Judah’s 280 years could/should date from 1002 B.C. unto 722 B.C. wherein 1 Kings 6:1 states that some 480 years elapsed from the Exodus/Passover in Egypt unto the fourth year of the reign of King Solomon – thus, 4 years of King Solomon’s reign and 33 years of David’s reign from the City of David (Jerusalem) – 1 Kings 2:11. David’s reign from Jerusalem commenced in the year 1002 B.C. – thus, 1002 B.C. less 280 years (for Judah) = 722 B.C. – these are the 280 years (40 days/years X 7 = 280 years for Judah) related to the account found in Ezekiel 4.

Judah and Israel are intrinsically united together, though separate. The years 712/722 B.C. are pivotal years for both Judah and Israel. Now, if indeed, the “fulfillment” of the 2,730 years is upon us (712 B.C. to 2018 A.D.) – give or take 3 months into the commencement of the religious calendar year on Nisan on the Hebrew Calendar – or March/April 2019 – then TIMES UP! This appears to be a most likely start of the final Week of Daniel’s 70th.

Will the Almighty bring together the Stick of Judah and the Stick of Ephraim in the latter days, bringing this to our attention (Ezekiel 37:15-28) prior to the Gog-Magog War (Ezekiel 38:1-23; 39:1-16)?

Are we at the PROPHETIC TIPPING POINT in God’s dealings with BOTH Israel and Judah? The 70th Week is upon us all…don’t kid yourself…all signs and prophetic calculations indicate we’re VERY close, if not there!

PART 2 -WHY DO “BIBLICAL YEARS” MAKE ONE WHOLE LOT OF “BIBLICAL SENSE?”

I am aware – keenly so – that the Septuagint Version (Hebrew to Greek) of the Hebrew Scriptures provides nearly 1,600 additional years to the genealogies of the patriarchs (Genesis 5 and 11) vs. the Masoretic Text (cir. 500 to 1000 AD) of the Hebrew Bible (aka Old Testament) – for example: Adam begat Seth at 260 years of age (Septuagint) vs. 130 years of age (Masoretic Text).

Most English versions are taken from the Masoretic text – ipso facto, our KJV (somewhat sacrosanct) was taken from the Genesis chronologies produced by the Masoretic text, and not from those chronologies produced by the Septuagint. Thus, the creation date of Adam was given as 4004 BC by Bishop James Ussher back in the 1600s from whence most of calculations are still determined . . . with the prevailing understanding that humanity was given some 6,000 years upon the earth prior to the 1,000-year Sabbath rest known as the Millennial Reign of the Son of David—yet future.

This possesses somewhat of a conundrum in that 4004 BC + 2019 AD is now at least 22 to 23 years beyond the 6000-year allotment. Furthermore, the 6,000 years appears “distorted” by the chronologies recorded in the Septuagint Version (cir. 280 BC to 125 BC) which adds 100 years to the “begetting” of Seth (viz., Adam begat Seth at age 130 years [Masoretic Text] vs. 230 years [Septuagint] – with a grand total of “additional years” found in the Septuagint around 1,600 years in the 21 patriarchs mentioned from Adam to Isaac.

S. Douglas Woodward’s fascinating new text, REBOOTING THE BIBLE, attempts to alter our exclusive reliance upon the chronologies found in the KJV/Masoretic vs. those highlighted in the Septuagint—claiming the chronologies were tampered with by “Jewish scholars” to obfuscate the Messiahship of Jesus (Preface to Woodward’s text). A somewhat exhaustive series of “researched comments” as to why the variance in the Septuagint/Masoretic chronologies is given in this article/commentary:https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/…/why-did-the-masore…

When all the dust clears, there seems to be reasonable justification that the configurations as to the BIBLICAL YEARS conveyed in the Masoretic version of the Hebrew Bible vs. those of the Septuagint is superior. My brevity cannot justify such a sweeping statement—it is only meant to convey a quick summary on my part at this time and a somewhat odious forecast that my brother’s new text, though interesting, does not merit a “reset” of the chronologies as found in the Septuagint juxtaposed to those favored in the Masoretic.

THE HEBREW SACRED CUBIT – 25.20 inches

In my text, SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS AND ON THE EARTH…MAN’S DAYS ARE NUMBERED AND HE IS MEASURED – I go into historic and Biblical details in proclaiming the dimensions of the Hebrew Cubit (Royal Cubit) is akin to the royal cubits of both the Assyrians and the Persians (discovered by famed Assyriologist Julius Oppert–See measurement of the ROYAL CUBIT here), i.e., 25.20 inches and that Ezekiel 40:5 ascribes its precise dimension; to wit:

5 And behold, there was a wall on the outside of the temple all around, and in the man’s hand was a measuring rod of six cubits, each of which was a cubit and a handbreadth. So he measured the thickness of the wall, one rod; and the height, one rod. (New American Standard Version)

The phrase “measuring rod of six cubits” can readily be interpreted as “six LONG cubits” or “six ROYAL cubits.” Each of these 6 LONG CUBITS is configured as “a cubit and a handbreadth.” Here, the phrase “a cubit” is the STANDARD cubit which was 21.6 inches but added to it was a “handbreadth” which was one’s average palm or 3.6 inches; therefore EACH of the ROYAL CUBITS or LONG CUBITS was a Standard Cubit of 21.6 inches + one 3.6 handbreadth/palm equal to 21.6 inches + 3.6 inches = 25.20 inches or 2.1 feet (25.20”/12” = 2.1 ft.). Thus, six such ROYAL or LONG CUBITS would be 6 X 2.1 feet = 12.6 feet = the length of the measuring rod.

THE PALM – 3.5 OR 3 1/2 INCHES

Consequently, the “rod” or “reed” of Ezekiel 40:5 is akin to the British Imperial measurement of 12.6 feet (Rev. 11:1-2) which is a fractal of the 1,260 days or ½ of Daniel’s 70th Week. We can validate this by: 6 ROYAL CUBITS @ 2.1 Ft. = 12.6 Ft. = the measurement of the ROD – i.e., the “measuring reed/rod” in the hand of Ezekiel and also the “measuring reed/rod” given to John to measure the temple in Revelation 11:1 and again allusions thereto found in Revelation 21:15-17 concerning the “Golden Reed.”

All this to say that the 2,100 years from Adam’s creation unto the 52nd year of Isaac’s life (having been married to Rebecca at age 40 and “begetting” both Jacob and Esau at age 60 – Genesis 25:20, 26) at which age (52 years) Isaac was given the promise (Genesis 26:1-6). It’s this PROMISE of 430 years recorded in both Exodus 12:40 and Gal. 3:17 given IN the “S”eed/Isaac/Christ which is of profound chronological importance. Why? Because if the 2,100 “Biblical Years” as found in the Masoretic Text from Adam to Isaac, son of promise, were confirmed in Genesis 26:1-6 after 12 years of marriage, making Isaac 52 years of age when the promise was confirmed and in which 8 years later at age 60 he begat Jacob and Esau, then the measurement of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit of 2.1 feet, seen as a fractal of “21” in the 2,100 years from Adam’s creation unto Isaac at age 52 years is clearly in view.

Consequently, if we add 2,100 years (Adam’s Creation to the Promise) + 430 years (Promise to the Passover) we arrive at 2,530 years from the Creation of Adam unto the first Passover. It is from here we can calculate that some 480 years elapsed from the first Passover unto the laying of the Solomonic Temple’s Foundation via King Solomon (1 Kings 6:1); thus, we continue our addition (not attempting, at the present, to determine Adam’s exact date of creation—we are simply calculating “total years” in these epic time frames):

2,100 years (patriarchs in Gen. 5 & 11) + 430 years (Promise to Passover) + 480 years (Passover to laying of the Temple’s Foundation in Solomon’s 4th year of his reign) = 3,010 years.

Even so, in our previous article we had calculated the days/years of BOTH Israel’s (390 days/years X 7 = 2,730 years) and Judah’s (40 days/years X 7 = 280 years) retribution found in Ezekiel 4:4-6 (7X is confirmed in Leviticus 26) to be as follows: 2,730 years + 280 years = 3,010 years.

Thus, regardless of Adam’s creation date, using the Masoretic chronological text, some 3,010 years transpired between Adam’s creation and the laying of the Solomonic Temple’s foundation—illustrating to us all that God’s Eternal Plan and Purpose in the creation of humanity (Adam and Eve) was for them to become His Habitation, His Temple—this is precisely what the New Testament proclaims in no uncertain terms—i.e., YE ARE THE TEMPLE OF THE LIVING GOD—LIVING STONES.

Furthermore, these 3,010 years can now be added to via chronologies from antiquity either by secular or biblical history from the Fall of Samaria in the year 722 BC and the destruction by the Angel of the Lord upon the armies of Assyrian King Sennacherib vs. King Hezekiah of Judah in the year 712 BC with the ultimate Fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC, then the Decree of King Cyrus to rebuild the Temple being made in 537 BC (70 years Babylonian Captivity of Judah occurring between 608 BC and 537 BC—Judah’s captivity commencing 21 years before Jerusalem’s Fall on the 9th of Av in 586 BC) – the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great in 301 BC and ultimately the very birth of Messiah in 1 BC/1 AD – thus we can add as follows:

3,010 years + the years following the 480 years of Solomon’s Temple Foundation (4th year of his reign) which gives us Solomon’s additional years being 36 years (for he reigned for 40 years or 4 years + 36 years = 40 years) + the years of the various kings of both Judah and Israel up through the Fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC to be that of 343 years (See Lambert Dolphin’s chronologies of the KINGS OF JUDAH AND ISRAEL ) + 586 years unto the birth of Christ or:

3,010 years + 36 years (Solomon’s additional reign) = 3,046 years + 343 years of the kings of Judah and Israel following Solomon’s Reign (unto 586 BC) = 3,389 years + 586 years unto 1 BC/1 AD and the birth of Christ (Fall of Jerusalem being in 586 BC and these 586 years extend from Jerusalem’s Fall to the birth of Messiah if calculated on the 1 BC side [6 months] of that full year of 1 BC/1 AD or its spring) = 3,975 years.

Therefore, the creation of Adam took place in the year 3975 BC – IT’S THAT SIMPLE!!

If we are to add the 2019 years (the AD side) to 3975 years (the BC side) we will arrive at 5,994 years or, depending on whether we calculate in astronomical years (1 BC = 1 year and 1 AD = 1 year) we will arrive at 5,993 years or there are now but 7 years left until we arrive at 6,000 years or 5,993 years (3975 years + 2018 years = 5,993 years) + 7 years = 6,000 years.

You may adjudge these chronologies as a useless waste of time and energy spent elsewhere to be much more beneficial; however, the Bible declares that ALL SCRIPTURE IS GIVEN BY INSPIRATION OF GOD AND IS PROFITABLE … therefore, I would caution us all to be as the prophets who sought the day of His first visitation; to wit:

10 Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you, 11 searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. (1 Peter 1:10-11)

Will the Bible’s chronologies be substantiated in this accounting? Are the 390 days/years (2,730 years) from 712 BC (the final days of Israel/Ephraim’s retribution or 712 BC unto 2018 AD = 2,730 years) and their bringing together in the crucible of Daniel’s 70th Week the House of Judah with the House of Israel—WILL IT FINALLY TAKE PLACE? Does this “double confirmation” of the 3,010 years give us “divine clues” as to the Divine Intention that MAN (ADAM) was destined, just as Judah and Ephraim are destined, to be that TEMPLE OF THE LORD—a HABITATION OF GOD THROUGH THE SPIRIT? Are man’s days so numbered? Is MAN so measured? Are these 6,000 years finally coming to a conclusion? I THINK SO!! But are we ready to be His Holy Habitation, His UNITED KINGDOM?

PART 3 – THE TWO SETS OF 3,010 YEARS – MAN WAS MADE TO BE THE “TEMPLE OF THE LORD” – THE HOUSE OF JUDAH AND THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL SHALL BE ONE STICK IN THE HAND OF THE LORD – AND DAVID SHALL UNITE THEM BOTH! (Just can’t get enough of this “stuff”.)

I am intrigued by the 10 YEARS between Israel’s 10 Northern Tribes’ Capital at Samaria (Footnote No. 1) falling in the year 722 BC (Footnote No. 2); and the siege of Judah’s capital at Jerusalem with the subsequent demise of Assyrian King Sennacherib’s 185,000 destroyed by the Angel of the Lord in 712 BC (Footnote No. 3). This 10-year gap between 722 BC and 712 BC is hotly debated; however, after extensive research (See All Footnotes No. 1 through No. 4) this author is persuaded that the dates are more than historically and biblically valid.

In our last two articles (viz., WHY DO “BIBLICAL YEARS” MAKE ONE WHOLE LOT OF “BIBLICAL SENSE?” and “THE 390 DAYS EZEKIEL RESTED ON HIS LEFT SIDE FOR ISRAEL & THE 40 DAYS ON HIS RIGHT SIDE FOR JUDAH – EZEKIEL 4:4-6. ITS POSSIBLE MEANING…”) we described from Ezekiel 4:1-8 the demarcation between Judah’s 280 years (40 days/years X 7 = 280 years) and Israel’s 2,730 years (390 days/years X 7 = 2,730 years) being these 10 years (722-712 BC). Let’s explore if these 10 years provide further clues as to why they are inserted in this most peculiar manner.

The “10 YEARS” between Ephraim’s demise in 722 BC (viz., the Fall of Samaria, the capital of the 10 Northern Tribes of Israel), and Judah’s King Hezekiah facing off with the Assyrian King Sennacherib beginning in 712 BC provides us this “10-year gap.” The final assault by the Assyrians upon Judah’s capital at Jerusalem is intertwined with the 10-Northern Tribes having a common beginning in 1002 BC.

King David reigned in the City of David for 33 years (1 Kings 2:11) which clearly commenced in the year 1002 BC—from the first Passover in 1445 BC in Egypt unto the laying of the Temple’s Foundation in the 4th Year of Solomon’s reign (1 Kings 6:1) are 480 years or 1445 BC less 480 years = 965 BC.

Therefore, counting “backwards” we calculate these 4 years (Solomon’s reign mentioned in 1 Kings 6:1) + the 33 years David ruled from the City of David in Jerusalem (1 Kings 2:11) or 4 + 33 = 37 years or 965 BC + 37 years = 1002 BC being the commencement of the 280 years relative to Judah’s dealings in relationship to Ezekiel’s prophetic elaboration or the Almighty’s dealings with Judah (i.e., 1002 BC to 722 BC = 280 years) . . . juxtaposed to that of a future Ten Northern Tribe separate dealing with Ephraim/Israel (712 BC to 2018 AD or 2,730 years) . . . in this sense Israel’s Ten Northern Tribes were loosely affiliated with Judah’s Two Tribes for they were all, at the time, Israelites. Consequently, from 1002 BC unto the demise of Samaria in 722 BC—the capital of Israel’s 10 Northern Tribes—we arrive at the following:

. . . 1002 BC less 280 years (i.e., 40 days/years X 7 [Leviticus 26:18, 24, 28 – Ezk. 4:6] = 722 BC which date is the Fall of Samaria (Israel) wherein they were “broken off” from Judah, administratively speaking—although some of them survived deportation until 712 BC unto the Siege of Jerusalem under Assyrian King Sennacherib (2 Kings 17:1-8; 18:1, 9-13 – i.e., from the commencement of the Siege of Samaria in 722-719 BC [4th year of King Hezekiah’s reign and the 7th year of King Hoshea’s reign] unto the 14th year of King Hezekiah – the 14th/15th year of King Hezekiah’s reign being in the year 712 BC – please note that Israel’s 10 Northern Tribes were previously made, as well, a “vassal state” wherein Israel paid tribute to the Assyrian King Shalmaneser (2 Kings 17:3); thus, the historic date of Samaria’s fall “composites” in the year 722 BC. wherein the from the “siege of Samaria” (722 BC) unto the attempted “siege of Jerusalem” (712 BC) are some 10 years (See: https://www.conservapedia.com/Fall_of_Samaria) – See footnote #1.) The terminus of Israel’s 10 Northern Tribes was not accomplished by the Assyrians until 712 BC (during 33 years from 745 BC until 712 BC the deportations took place—See Footnotes Nos. 2, 3, and 4).

I find it somewhat peculiar in Ezekiel that the “House of Israel’s” retributions/dealings of 2,730 years (Ezk. 4:5 or 390 days/years X 7 = 2,730 years) precedes that of Judah’s retribution forecast; whereas, in the chronologies Judah’s connection to King David we notice the “messianic” import in its 33-year rule from the City of David/Jerusalem. Jesus is said to have been crucified in the year 33 AD at the full age, I affirm, having died on His 33rd birthday, again, Judah’s actual chronology comes first (viz., 1002 BC to 722 BC or 280 years); yet, the prophecy regarding Israel’s-10-tribe retribution is chronologically set in the latter years between 712 BC to 2018 AD or 2,730 years).

If we are to “view” Ezekiel’s two sets of numbered years (2,730 years for Israel and 280 years for Judah) as God’s “dealings” with them in light of Leviticus 26 (i.e., seven times retribution), then this “10-year gap” between 722 BC to 712 BC has prophetic implications, as well as “double meanings” confirmed throughout the Scripture.

From Jeremiah 3:8 we realize that YHVH divorced Israel (aka, Ephraim) – “I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear but went and played the harlot also” (Notwithstanding, the Almighty did NOT give Judah a certificate of divorce!). Furthermore, this same DIVORCED ISRAEL was taken away from 745 BC unto 712 BC (33 years – See Footnote No. 4) in Assyrian deportations and, therefore, it was said of Samaria:

Aliens would swallow it up, Israel is swallowed up; now they are among the NATIONS like a vessel in which is no pleasure. For they have gone up to Assyria; like a wild donkey alone by itself; Ephraim has hired lovers. Yes, though they have hired among the nations, now I will gather them; and they shall sorrow a little, because of the burden of the king of princes” (Hosea 8:6-10).

Ephraim’s scattering among the nations (aka, the Gentiles) from 712 BC (Israel’s final date of deportations) unto the present in 2018 AD is some 2,730 years (712 + 2018 = 2,730 years). Embedded in the prophecy found in Hosea 8:6-10 is not only the retribution of dispersion/assimilation but also of a promised restoration of Israel! During this time the Almighty has dealt with His “Prodigal Son” (10 Northern Tribes) who left the Father’s House (Luke 15:11-32) via the 10 Tribes scattered among the nations but who, would someday be gathered/restored.

We know this to be through our Lord and Savior, as our Deliverer, Yeshua Hamashiach. Indeed, the Father has gone out to embrace us, the Prodigal. How could YHVH remarry such a harlot? For her to remarry, the first husband must DIE! Dr. Doug Hamp’s commentary on this is outstanding (Footnote 6) . . . depicting the death and resurrection of “her first husband.”

Ephraim’s “remarriage” is validated by the Apostle Paul and James; to wit:

“Even us whom He called, not of the Jews (Judah) only, but also of the Nations (lit. ETHNOS)? As He says also in HOSEA: ‘I will call them My people, who were not My people, and her beloved, who was not beloved.’ ‘And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they shall be called sons of the living God.’” (Romans 9:24-26; Hos. 2:23 and 1:10)

Simon has declared how God at the first visited the Nations (aka, Gentiles) to take out of them a people for His name. And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written: ‘After this I will return and will rebuild the tabernacle of David (lit., THE UNITED KINGDOM OF ISRAEL – where Judah and the 10 Northern Tribes of Israel were under ONE KING and his kingdom), which has fallen down; I will rebuild its ruins, and I will set it up; so that the rest of mankind (lit., EDOM or ADAM) may seek the LORD, even all the NATIONS (“ethnos” or Gentiles) who are called by My name. Says the LORD who does all these things” (Acts 15:14-17).

The transference/integration of Ephraim/Israel into the Nations/Gentiles is a most profound truth—no, Ephraim was NOT swallowed up by Judah in the Babylonian Captivity some 160 years after their deportations commenced (745 BC to 608 BC was nigh 150 years; and from 745 BC to 586 BC or the initial invasion of Israel territory by the Assyrians unto the Fall of Jerusalem, under the Neo-Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar, was certainly over 150 years).

Some demographers calculate that from 745 BC to 712 BC (33 years) some 15,000,000 to 18,000,000 Israelites were deported to the nations of the Assyrian Empire which stretched from deep into Africa’s Ethiopia to virtually all the Middle East, Turkey, and vast stretches of the Persian Empire of later years (Footnote No. 5).


Those Israelites “scattered among the nations” became in sum and substance that “MULTITUDE OF NATIONS” referred to in the Septuagint; while reappearing in Romans 11:25 as “THE FULLNESS OF THE GENTILES has come in” (cf. Gen. 12:2; 17:4-5; 35:11; 48:4, 19; Hos. 7:8). This FULLNESS OF THE GENTILES is that MULTITUDE OF NATIONS which speaks directly to the issue of ONENESS in the Body of Messiah—of Ephraim’s scattering and gathering into the Father’s ONE HOUSE so that Paul can boldly declare:

“And so ALL ISRAEL [both houses of Israel: Judah and Israel] will be saved, as it is written: ‘The Deliver will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; for this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins’” (Romans 11:26-27).

Are we at the singular dealing of Ephraim’s retribution and dealings with them? Have we completed the 2,730 years (712 BC unto 2018 AD)? Will today the prophecy regarding the TWO STICKS – The Stick of Judah and the Stick of Joseph, which is the Stick of Ephraim, be joined as ONE STICK IN THE HAND OF THE LORD (Ezekiel 37:15-28)? Are we approaching the era whereof we read:

“David My servant shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd; they shall also walk in My judgments and observe My statutes, and do them . . . I will establish them and multiply them, and I will set My sanctuary in their midst forevermore . . . they shall no longer be two nations, nor shall they ever be divided into two kingdoms . . . Then they shall be My people, and I will be their God” (Excerpts from Ezk. 37)?

Yes, the “10 years” bespeaks of the 10 TRIBES; bespeaks of the 10 DAYS OF AWE between Tishrei 1 and Tishrei 10 (between the Feast of Trumpets and Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement) wherein the call to repentance is given until the blood is sprinkled by the High Priest upon the Mercy Seat within the Holiest of All. Yes, so it has been done through His Atoning Sacrifice—but now the Worthy Lamb shall come as the “Wrath of the Lamb” for the “devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation TEN DAYS (Rev. 2:10) . . . and the Beast with 10 HORNS and 10 CROWNS (Rev. 13:1) is all the more enraged against the saints of the Most High but Babylon the Great is destined for judgment in that ONE-TENTH OF THE CITY is destroyed by the greatest of earthquakes (Rev. 11:13—JUDGMENT DAY).

We know, once again, from Adam’s Creation (3975 BC) unto the laying of the Temple’s Foundation in the Fourth Year of Solomon’s Reign (1 Kings 6:1) some 3,010 years transpired (3975 BC less 965 BC = 3,010 years). Indeed, the 3,010 years of Judah (280 years) and Israel (2,730 years) together align with these initial 3,010 years (i.e., 280 years + 2,730 years = 3,010 years) displaying God’s intention for man’s creation (Adam) was to have a habitation, a Temple, a House, not made with hands, eternal in the heavens (3975 BC to 965 BC = 3,010 years – see 2 Cor. 5:1) in which the Almighty would DWELL WITH MAN (Ezk. 37:27 – “My tabernacle also shall be with them; indeed, I will be their God, and they shall be My people” . . . “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God” (Rev. 21:3).

He substantiated that vision and “divine longing” by calling out a people for His Name (Israel) which under divine decree was split into Judah and Ephraim—notwithstanding it was Joshua and Caleb, the two affirmative spies who entered the PROMISED LAND; for Joshua whose name is foreseen in Yeshua was of the Tribe of Ephraim; and Caleb was of the Tribe of Judah—the Lion of the Tribe of Judah (King David) – from Israel’s crossing of the Jordan in 1405 BC (or 1445 BC the Passover/Exodus/Law minus 40 years in the Wilderness = 1405 BC) unto 2025 AD are some 3,430 years or 3430 ÷ 490 Epical Jubilee cycles or 49 years X 10 = 490 years = 7 or 7 X 490 years = 3,430 years.

Thus, the COMPLETE prophetic history of Joshua and Caleb, of Ephraim and Judah, from the Conquest of Canaan/the Promised Land unto the Millennium are 7 Epical Jubilee Cycles – their UNITED DESTINY seems evident from that date of 10 Nisan, 1405 BC (Joshua 4:19 – the same date that Jesus on that Palm Sunday, 33 AD entered Jerusalem as “Messiah the Prince” [Daniel 9:26; Zech. 9:9; Matt. 21:5; Mark 11:7,9; Luke 19:38; John 12:15] and the same day that Ezekiel saw the Holy District [Ezk. 40:1]) unto 2025/26 AD that these 7 sets of 490 years would be fulfilled for BOTH Joshua and Caleb – for both Houses of Israel – for both the Jews of Judah and the Israelites scattered among the nations!

Yes, Moses’ years of 120 terminated in 1405 BC, for Moses did not cross over the Jordan River with the Israelites—but his 120 years (born in 1525 BC and lived for 120 years until 1405 BC) separates the rest of the 6,000 years from these 7 Epical Jubilee Cycles of 3,430 years or 3,430 years + 120 years = 3,550 years . . . therefore 6,000 years less 3,550 years = 2,450 years (the birth of Moses from Adam’s Creation in 3975 BC unto the year 1525 BC are some 2,450 years or 5 sets of 490 years or 490 X 5 = 2,450 years + 120 years + 3,430 years = 6,000 years . . . the SIX DAYS OF MAN (Gen. 6:3).

Satan sought to destroy the ONENESS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF DAVID . . . by dividing Joshua from Caleb – by separating Ephraim from Judah – but God had other plans . . . plans which called for that MULTITUDE OF NATIONS to be DELIVERED with JUDAH awaiting until ALL ISRAEL SHALL BE DELIVERED!

Allow me to “go devotional” here. Are we aligned with God’s eternal plan and purpose for MAN? To be His Holy People, His Holy Temple? Shall we say AMEN in bringing both the Stick of Judah and the Stick of Ephraim together under Jeremiah’s end-time admonition:

“Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, that I will perform the good things which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah . . . For behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, ‘that I will bring back from captivity My people Israel and Judah,’ says the LORD. ‘And I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.’” . . . IN THE LATTER DAYS YOU WILL CONSIDER IT” (Jeremiah 30:3, 24)?

May the Lord continue to open our eyes . . . Doug Krieger

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Footnote #1:

Shechem was the first capital of the Kingdom of Israel.[14] Afterwards it was Tirzah.[15] King Omri built his capital in Samaria (1 Kings 16:24), which continued as such until the destruction of the Kingdom by the Assyrians (2 Kings 17:5). During the three-year siege of Samaria by the Assyrians, Shalmaneser V died and was succeeded by Sargon II of Assyria, who himself records the capture of that city thus: “Samaria I looked at, I captured; 27,280 men who dwelt in it I carried away” into Assyria. Thus, around 720 BCE, after two centuries, the kingdom of the ten tribes came to an end. (Source: Wikipedia)

Footnote #2:

The Conquest of Israel

In 722 BC, the Assyrians conquered Israel. The Assyrians were aggressive and effective; the history of their dominance over the Middle East is a history of constant warfare. In order to assure that conquered territories would remain pacified, the Assyrians would force many of the native inhabitants to relocate to other parts of their empire. They almost always chose the upper and more powerful classes, for they had no reason to fear the general mass of a population. They would then send Assyrians to relocate in the conquered territory.

When they conquered Israel, they forced the ten tribes to scatter throughout their empire. For all practical purposes, you might consider this a proto-Diaspora (“diaspora”=”scattering”), except that these Israelites disappear from history permanently; they are called “the ten lost tribes of Israel.” Why this happened is difficult to assess. The Assyrians did not settle the Israelites in one place, but scattered them in small populations all over the Middle East. When the Babylonians later conquered Judah, they, too, relocate[d] a massive amount of the population. However, they move[d] that population to a single location so that the Jews can set up a separate community and still retain their religion and identity. The Israelites deported by the Assyrians, however, do not live in separate communities and soon drop their Yahweh religion and their Hebrew names and identities. (Source: Ancient Jewish History – The Two Kingdoms – The Jewish Virtual Library, a Project of AICE – Ancient Jewish History)

Footnote #3:

Dating the Sennacherib’s Campaign to Judah – 712 BCE

Abstract:

The traditional date of 701 BCE for Sennacherib’s campaign to Judah, with the siege of Lachish and Jerusalem and the Battle of Eltekeh, is accepted by historians for many years without notable controversy. However, the inscription of Sargon II, found at Tang-i Var in 1968, requires to date this famous campaign during his 10th campaign, in 712 BCE, implying a coregency with Sennacherib from 714 BCE. A thorough analysis of the annals and the reliefs of Sargon and Sennacherib shows that there was only one campaign in Judah and not two. The Assyrian assault involved the presence of at least six kings (or similar):

1) taking of Ashdod by the Assyrian king Sargon II in his 10th campaign,

2) taking of Lachish by Sennacherib during his 3rd campaign,

3) siege of Jerusalem dated 14th year of Judean King Hezekiah;

4) battle of Eltekeh led by Nubian coregent Taharqa;

5) under the leadership of King Shabataka during his 1st year of reign;

6) probable disappearance of the Egyptian king Osorkon IV in his 33rd year of reign. This conclusion agrees exactly with the biblical account that states all these events occurred during the 14th year of Judean King Hezekiah dated 712 BCE (2 Kings 18:13-17, 19:9; 2 Chronicles 32:9; Isaiah 20:1, 36:1, 37:9).

(Source:
Dating the Sennacherib’s Campaign to Judah by Gerhard Gertoux, author at the University Press of America)

Footnote No. 4:

The relative calm ended in the middle eighth century BC. In 745 BC, Tiglath-Pileser III (called Pul in biblical traditions; 2 Kings 15:19) took the throne of Assyria. A shrewd and capable ruler, he quickly managed to forge the warring Assyrian factions into a formidable nation. Soon, Assyria ruthlessly began building an empire, extending control over Babylon and the Medes to the East, defeating the Kingdom of Urartu to the North, and extending control to the West into Eastern Asia Minor, Phoenicia (Tyre), Syria (Damascus), and into northern Israelite territory. The nations of Israel and Judah, for the first time in their history, would now have to deal with a serious military threat to their very existence. (Source: Old Testament History Assyrian Dominance (745 BC-640 BC) by Dennis Batcher, THE VOICE, Biblical and Theological Resources for Growing Christians

ALSO:

THE FALL OF ISRAEL, b. c. 780-721. The decline of Israel after the reign of Jeroboam II, was rapid. A succession of usurpers seized the throne, the foreign conquests melted away, and anarchy prevailed. The cause of these sudden changes was the growth of the Assyrian power under a succession of warlike kings, who made Nineveh the capital of the Eastern world. Syria fell before their arms, and Israel soon followed. In the reign of Menahem, Israel became tributary to Assyria; and in that of Pekah, B. C. 745, the portion of Israel on the north, including the tribe of Naphtali, was carried into captivity by Tiglath-pileser. (2 Kings 15:29). In the reign of Hoshea, Samaria itself was taken (B. C. 721) by Sargon (having been besieged by Shalmaneser); and the Ten Tribes were finally carried into captivity to Halah and Habor. (2 Kings 17). (Source: – Manual of Biblical Geography: A Text book on Bible History – By Jesse Lyman Hurlburt, , 1887, by Rand, McNally & Company, Washington, D.C.

Footnote No. 5:

“The number of these Israelites must be very great [deported into Assyrian lands], if the account be at all correct, as to the proportion which they bear to the whole population, this being stated by the most accurately-informed writers to be from 15,000,000 to 18,000,000. But this information is confirmed in a very satisfactory manner from other sources. With regard to the country of Bokhara, it is worthy of remark that certain Jewish writers have regarded it as the Hara into which some of the Israelites were exiled by the King of Assyria. This country appears to have been known in India at an early period by the name of Hara; the addition Bok, or Buck, only distinguishes it from some other notable Hara (mountain range). As Hara is Hebrew, so is Bok, signifying mixed or confused. At an early period of history the dominion of Bokhara extended from the Caspian Sea into Khorasan; and when Seleucus, after Alexander’s death, took possession of these regions, many Jews (Israelites) went there as colonists, and they progeny have ever since continued there, but kept distinct from the Beni-Israel, also resident there in large numbers. Yahoodeyah, in Merv, was probably one of their early cities. It is not unlikely that the seats of early Jewish/Israelite colonization amongst people to whom the name of the Beni-Israel was familiar, were always known as Yahoodeyah, and this is precisely the name by which Oude was first known. . ..” (Source: THE DESTINY OF NATIONS INDICATED IN PROPHECY by the Rev. John Cumming, D.D., F.R.S.E., London, Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, Successors to Henry Colburn, 13, Great Marlborough Street, 1864. UK, p. 159)

Footnote No. 6:

God’s Divorce and Remarriage And The Restoration of Israel Through the New Covenant . . . A Study of God’s Marriage to Israel under the First Covenant, at Sinai, Their Divorce Due to Israel’s Adultery, And their Restoration Under the New Covenant Established by Yeshua/Jesus” by Dr. Douglas Hamp

Proof of Dispersion of the House of Israel in the Book of Zechariah

Proof of Dispersion of the House of Israel in the Book of Zechariah

God promised to bring back the house of Israel whom he had scattered to the nations in the book of Hosea. Some people believe that the house of Israel was assimilated into the house of Judah and then when they came back from the Babylonian captivity that the prophecy had been fulfilled. Yet, evidence from the book of Zechariah proves otherwise. Zechariah was the prophet to the house of Judah after the Babylonian captivity and yet, there is still a clear distinction made between the house of Judah and the house of Israel (Ephraim).
“I will strengthen the house of Judah, And I will save the house of Joseph. I will bring them back, Because I have mercy on them. They shall be as though I had not cast them aside; For I am the LORD their God, And I will hear them. (Zech 10:6) Those of Ephraim shall be like a mighty man, And their heart shall rejoice as if with wine. Yes, their children shall see it and be glad; Their heart shall rejoice in the LORD. (Zech 10:7) I will whistle for them and gather them, For I will redeem them; And they shall increase as they once increased. (Zech 10:8) “I will sow them among the peoples, And they shall remember Me in far countries; They shall live, together with their children, And they shall return. (Zech 10:9 NKJV)
I checked the Hebrew for “I will sow” which the NKJV translated as future tense, yet, the Hebrew is a  vav-hahipuch, which flips the tense from future to past (yeah, it is one of those weird features of biblical Hebrew). It isn’t I WILL SOW… but I HAVE SOWN. This difference is huge! Other translations note this as well.
Though I have scattered them like seeds among the nations, still they will remember me in distant lands. With their children, they will survive and come home again to Israel. (Zech 10:9 NLV)
Though I had them planted among the peoples, they will keep me in mind in far countries: and they will take care of their children and will come back. (Zech 10:9 BBE)
We see that other translations also understand the Hebrew as I do…it had already happened. God had already scattered the house of Israel when the Assyrians took them away and they were sown into far countries. With this in mind, the next verse makes better sense:
I will also bring them back from the land of Egypt, And gather them from Assyria. I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon, Until no more room is found for them. (Zech 10:10)
We need to remember, Zechariah is AFTER the Babylonian captivity – the Jews are back in the land and where is the house of Israel? Back with Judah as many like to claim? NO! They are OUT THERE among the nations where God scattered them. This is powerful proof that “Jew” does NOT include the house of Israel and that Jesus did indeed come to seek out the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Was Abraham Jewish? (The House of Israel and House of Judah Restored as One)

Was Abraham Jewish? (The House of Israel and House of Judah Restored as One)

Were Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Jewish? No! Before the break of the united monarchy ca 930 BC, there were NO JEWS. There were Hebrews who became the nation of Israel, which then split into the House of Judah and the House of Israel.  Despite this historical fact, nearly every modern Jew uses the term loosely to mean any descendant of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; there are many that anachronistically refer to the Jews in Egypt and the Jews at Mt Sinai. So what? Not understanding this seemingly minor detail causes a lot of confusion about who is a Jew, who are gentiles, and even what is the church.
 
The central focus of the New Covenant was to reunite the two houses and make them one again!
Jer 31:31 “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
The united kingdom became two houses because God divided it due to their forsaking God by not doing what was right in his eyes. Ten of the tribes (the House of Israel) were given to Jeroboam, and two (Judah and Benjamin) remained for the House of Judah.
1Kgs 11:31-33 ‘Behold, I will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and will give ten tribes to you ‘(but he shall have one tribe for the sake of My servant David, and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel), ‘because they have forsaken Me, and worshiped Ashtoreth…and have not walked in My ways to do what is right in My eyes and keep My statutes and My judgments, as did his father David.
After the death of Solomon, that his son, Rehoboam, tried unsuccessfully to restore the united monarchy:
1Kgs 12:21 And when Rehoboam came to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah with the tribe of Benjamin, one hundred and eighty thousand chosen men who were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, that he might restore the kingdom to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
The House of Israel went further and further away from God’s instructions becoming ever more adulterous, so God swore to not have mercy on the House of Israel though he would have mercy on the House of Judah:
Hos 1:6-7 “…For I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, But I will utterly take them away. Yet I will have mercy on the house of Judah…”
God stated that he was longer their God and they weren’t is people:
Hos 1:9 Then God said: “Call his name Lo-Ammi, For you are not My people, And I will not be your God.
He even stated that He divorced the House of Israel and exile her:
Jer 3:8 “… for all the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce…
Nevertheless, God promised to mercifully restore the House of Israel and to make her his bride:
Hos 2:19 “I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, In lovingkindness and mercy.
Not only would he restore the House of Israel, but he would mend the division between the two Houses and make them one. He illustrated this with two sticks in Ezekiel’s hands, which represented the two houses restored:
Ezek 37:19 “say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Surely I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel, his companions; and I will join them with it, with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they will be one in My hand.”
A main point of Paul’s teaching is that the two houses have been restored and the middle wall of separation has come down:

Eph 2:11-16 Therefore remember that you, once Gentiles in the flesh…Eph 2:12 that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity.

This was prophesied in nearly every prophet and it is the heart and soul of the New Covenant: the House of Judah (Jews) and the House of Israel have been reconciled so that there is no longer a middle wall; they are no longer two sticks but one! This is the fulfillment of the New Covenant which the Father spoke of through Jeremiah:

Jer 31:31 “… I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
Paul consistently taught the good news of the New Covenant in his writings demonstrating what Jesus did through his death, freeing the divorced and adulterous wife, Israel, from her perpetual state of divorcee/whore status.
Rom 7:2-4 For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man. Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law [of the husband] through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another–to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God.
Consequently, the two houses can reunite as one, without the wall, and will never be two nations:
Ezek 37:22 “and I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king over them all; they shall no longer be two nations, nor shall they ever be divided into two kingdoms again.
While the absolute fulfillment of this will only be realized completely in the age to come, the inception happened at the cross and therefore there is technically no longer any distinction between the two houses…which is what Paul repeatedly said:
Rom 10:12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him.
And again:
1Cor 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body–whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free–and have all been made to drink into one Spirit.
And again:
Gal 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Paul spoke of the House of Israel as “gentiles” because that is where they were scattered… first foretold in Leviticus:
Lev 26:33 I will scatter you among the nations [ba’goim בַגּוֹיִ֔ם, Greek ἔθνος ethnos=gentiles]
And later in Deuteronomy:
Deut 4:27 “And the LORD will scatter you among the peoples,  and you will be left few in number among the nations [ba’goim בַגּוֹיִ֔ם, Greek ἔθνος ethnos=gentiles] where the LORD will drive you.
Before God scattered them, He first split the united nation into two nations:
2Kgs 17:21 For He tore Israel from the house of David, and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam drove Israel from following the LORD, and made them commit a great sin.
Then day came when God made good on this warning against Israel:
2Kgs 17:23 until the LORD removed Israel out of His sight, as He had said by all His servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day.
Through the prophet Hosea, God confirmed they would be scattered among the gentiles:
Hos 9:17 My God will cast them away, Because they did not obey Him; And they shall be wanderers among the nations [ba’goim בַגּוֹיִ֔ם, Greek ἔθνος ethnos=gentiles].
When we speak of the Kingdom of God, there is no longer a House of Judah (Jews) and House of Israel (who were scattered to the gentiles/nations). As far as tribes go, there were twelve tribes and there always will be twelve tribes, as evidenced by the twelve tribes in Revelation 7 and 14 and by the twelve gates of the New Jerusalem. Hence, there will always be those who are from the tribe of Judah and those from the tribe of Levi, Benjamin, Asher, Naphtali, etc. But these twelve tribes are no longer divided in two nations – they are now one.
In conclusion, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, were not Jews; they were Hebrews. Jacob’s sons became the Israelites and when the nation split, two nations emerged known as the House of Judah and the House of Israel. God divorced the House of Israel because of their incredible adultery and then scattered them to the nations/gentiles. He promised to remarry them back and the only way for that to happen was for Immanuel to die thereby cancelling the initial marriage contract (Old Covenant). When he arose, He was free to marry her under a new marriage contract (New Covenant)  in Jesus’ blood. This new covenant brings the two houses together and the two shall never again be two nations.
If you are under the New Covenant, you have come either from the House of Judah or the House of Israel (who were wanders among the gentiles). You might be genetically Hebrew but if you aren’t then you are part of the mixed multitude. Assuming you are not Jewish, then you are no longer a “gentile”: you have been grafted in to the commonwealth (all twelve tribes) of Israel! You are now a Hebrew and you can enter the kingdom through the work of Jesus on the cross, who removed the middle wall of separation between the House of Israel and the House of Judah.
WHAT IS MEANT BY “YES DISTINCTION” – “NO SEPARATION”?

WHAT IS MEANT BY “YES DISTINCTION” – “NO SEPARATION”?

Dear Brian – simply put – to answer your question: What exactly is meant by the terms: Yes Distinction – No Separation?

Ephraim and Judah have distinction but Ephraim and Judah are NOT separated.  Likewise, the definition of what constitutes Israel is exceedingly important as far as its present interpretation(s).

It’s better understood when we compare this simplistic definition as we examine Replacement Theology wherein there is NO DISTINCTION and, consequently, NO SEPARATION – i.e., they do NOT see the distinction between Ephraim (aka, “the Church”) and Judah (aka, the Jews) or in their case between Israel and the Church – there’s no distinction and no separation because the Church subsumes Israel and becomes the SPIRITUAL ISRAEL and/or the TRUE ISRAEL of God defines today’s totality of the “Church.”

Frankly, the Church is the ONLY ISRAEL OF GOD – so NO DISTINCTION, NO SEPARATION – the Church is the “continuing Community of Grace” throughout the ages – no need for a Millennium and certainly no prophetic destiny for the Jews (and, by the way, they could care less if Ephraim were subsumed by Judah and the lot of them are just Jews) – and certainly, there is no significance (prophetically) for the State of Israel; therefore, why not Boycott, Divest, and Sanction – go for it!! The Jews were REJECTED because they rejected the Messiah! All “covenants” have been abrogated! There is no Abrahamic, Palestinian (land), Davidic (future Millennial reign) or even New Covenant – and as far as the Mosaic Covenant concerns: It’s extinguished as well!

WHEREAS:

Dispensationalism teaches that there is distinction between “Israel and the Church” (of course, in so saying this, there is NO EPHRAIM, the Church has nothing to do with Israel and/or Ephraim because as far as the dispensationalists are concerned (e.g., Dr. Watson [although under consideration] and Bro. Franz [although not a strict dispensationalist]) – is fairly well set that Ephraim was swallowed up primarily by Judah; not so much by the nations–although that as well; S. Douglas Woodward, and my beloved sister, Jerri Tuck–all embrace some, not all, forms of classical Dispensationalism).  Today’s Israel are simply “the Jews” (all 12 tribes are referred to as “Jews” – one can be a “Christian Jew” or one can be a “Jewish Jew” but still Jewish, still a Jew – it is an ethnic designation – some “Jewish Jews” take offense that one can be described as a “Christian Jew” – therefore, some Christian Jews preferred to be called “Messianic Jews”).

Again: Judah (the “Unbelieving Jews”) have subsumed Ephraim and what’s left is the Church (the “Elect from among the nations” and also Jews (defined as all the 12 tribes of ancient Israel, aka, the Jews–brought into the “Church”:) which has nothing to do with Ephraim, ipso facto Ephraim has nothing to do with Israel – the Church is comprised of Jew and Gentile–saved by the blood of Jesus–the “Elect from among the Nations” is NOT Ephraim, for why should Jews of Judah be joined unto Ephraim?!

So, with Dispensationalism there IS DISTINCTION – but it is a “dispensational distinction” as so described between “Israel” [so defined] and the “Church” [so defined]. In Dispensationalism there is total SEPARATION between the Church and Israel (forget any definition having to do with Ephraim being a part of ALL ISRAEL (Rom. 9:6; 11:26) or the ISRAEL OF GOD (Gal. 6:16) – that’s because the Church cannot be defined by Ephraim–she is TOTALLY SEPARATED from the “natural branches”). The Church is separated from the unbelieving Jews (Jews which are comprised of the subsumed Ephraim into Judah from history past.

Furthermore, forget Romans 9:20-28 (it’s naught but an allegory or at best a metaphor)–notwithstanding, mercy shown to the:

“. . . vessels of wrath . . . of the Gentiles . . . ‘I will call them My people, who were not My people, and her beloved, who was not beloved, and it shall come to pass IN THE PLACE where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they shall be called sons of the living God‘” (Rom. 11:24-26; Hosea 2:23; 1:10).

Likewise, the prophecy found in Ezk. 37:15-28 – the Two Stick prophecy – is irrelevant or, at best, this prophecy has already taken place (Ephraim has been subsumed by Judah and there weren’t that many 10-tribe Israelites “swallowed up” by the nations in the first place). Moreover, Ephraim (now swallowed up by Judah) will be miraculously taken out of Judah in the “latter days” just before the Second Coming when the Almighty makes them ONE STICK in the Hand of the LORD. [I know, sounds a bit redundant since the two are in their minds already joined together.]

But there is YES DISTINCTION and YES SEPARATION – even into the Millennial Era where the Church (having nothing to do with Ephraim because those are just Jews/Judah/All Israel) is like a Satellite orbiting above the Earth as the Bride of Messiah (Walvoord) for 1,000 years; all the while the Jews/Israel are/is upon the earth ruling and reigning with the “David, My Servant” – although they confirm that the saints rule and reign with Christ a thousand years like good ‘ole Chialists once affirmed.

On the “downside” – the Jews rejected the KINGDOM offered at Messiah’s First Coming – “it [the offering of the kingdom to Israel] has been postponed” until the Jews cry out “Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord!“
Jews today (all 12 tribes) are outside of the Commonwealth of Israel–they have their own prophetic destiny but are not included in the Bride of Messiah and will, by themselves, undergo the 70th Week of Daniel and their own “Jacob’s Trouble” – neither this unbelieving “prophetic Israel” – nor, in point of glaring fact, the Old Testament saints from Adam to the Cross, will participate in the Marriage of the Lamb nor the Wedding Feast (just as guests to the “Wedding Feast”); and they are NOT the Bride of Messiah in any way, shape or form – they have their own New Covenant which is NOT the same as the Mediator of the New Covenant or the New Covenant offered to Christians–TOTAL SEPARATION is the norm! Jews after the Church’s rapture will preach “this gospel of the kingdom” (Matt. 24:14) which is NOT the “gospel of the grace of God” which is in view in Acts 20:24 – why? Because the gospel that the Jews will preach after the Rapture will NOT produce the Bride of Messiah–only “tribulation saints” – and no more!

You can see then:

REPLACEMENT THEOLOGIES (RT):
NO DISTINCTION – NO SEPARATION

DISPENSATIONALISM
YES DISTINCTION – YES SEPARATION

They either place Israel in subsumption (RT) or, and forgive me to say this, ghettoize the Jews keeping them apart from the Elect from among the Nations both prophetically in the latter days, up through the reign of “David, My Servant” (Ezk. 37:24-25). In their interpretations concerning WHO IS ISRAEL?–neither one (RT or Dispy) sees today’s Israel as Ephraim and Judah – neither one.

COMMONWEALTH THEOLOGY

YES DISTINCTION – Yes we see there is Israel and the Church but we see Israel as Judah (the Jews – both unbelieving and believing) and Ephraim (the Church, or the ELECT FROM AMONG THE NATIONS)…We see DISTINCTION but NOT the same way that the Dispensationalists see distinction, in that they have Ephraim subsumed by Judah – NOT SO WITH CT!!

NO SEPARATION – We affirm (but NOT like the Replacement Theologians) that there is no separation between Judah (the Jews) and Ephraim (the Christians) – this is a profoundly prophetic statement in that unbelieving Jews/National Israel shall come into full prophetic fulfillment in accordance with Romans 11:25-27 when ALL ISRAEL SHALL BE DELIVERED – meanwhile, we wish to keep both believing Judah (Jews) and Christians in the One New Man, the ONE BODY, the New Creation, the Bride of Messiah.

BUT, and here’s our little twist – BOTH PROPHETIC JUDAH/JEWS and the ONE-NEW MAN (Jews and Christians) are NOW within the Commonwealth of Israel (Eph. 2:12) – why? Because even in unbelief they have a most peculiar prophetic destiny and God Almighty is gathering them NOW back into the Land and the fact that they are but “blinded in part” – so they are not as the other tribes of the earth! Ultimately the Natural Branches are wholly grafted in again into the ONE ROOT with the wild branches – the Prodigal (Ephraim) is in the house of the Father WITH the Faithful Son, Judah (Note: Judah was NEVER divorced, but Israel/Ephraim was but then mercy would be shown on her–Ezk. 6:9, Jer. 3:8; Hos. 1:6-7, 9-10; 2:2, 23; 2 Kings 17:18-23).

So – defining these terms is incredibly important – so, when we say under CT: YES DISTINCTION – we mean it differently than the NO DISTINCTION of RT and, for that matter Dispensationalism. Dispensationalism’s YES DISTINCTION is not the same as the YES of CT because the definition of the term Israel is different. When we say NO SEPARATION we mean it differently than RT (which subsumes Judah/Jews which they see as just an ethnic designation of “Jews” or worse, “fake Jews”); and Dispensationalism, of course, which demands their own brand of “separation” between National Israel and the Church – can you follow me?

I would be happy to explain this more clearly if need be; however, in my two articles and additional material, I have attempted to explained it – but thank you for inquiring.

NO, it is NOT easy to explain this due to the millennia which have distorted the FACT OF THE MATTER. The doctrines (esp. eschatology) embedded in Commonwealth Theology are, I believe, SUPERIOR to those of the Replacement/Reform theologians and their anti-chialism eschtologies which disinherit the Jews of Judah and distort any distinction between Ephraim and Judah.

Furthermore, the many doctrinal inaccuracies within dispensational theology are resolved by the insightful and moderate proposal embedded in CT – in essence, CT embellishes and clarifies the distinctions between “Israel and the Church” by clarifying the identities of Judah and Ephraim; and, simultaneously, adheres to the singularity of NO SEPARATION espoused within Reform thinking (e.g., the New Covenant is NOW a New Testament reality – not just the “spiritual blessings” of the New Covenant but the New Covenant as described in the O.T. passages is enjoyed today–Jer. 31:31-37; 32:40; Ezk. 36:16-38).

Fundamentally, it must be understood, today’s Jews (Judah) who are brought into the ONE BODY OF MESSIAH, the ONE NEW MAN, the NEW CREATION where there is “neither Jew nor Greek” are altogether A NEW CREATION. The phenomenon of Messianic Congregations where Jewish-style practices take place and where there is a greater recognition of the Torah in daily living are NOT separate from the “goyim” who are members of the One Body–there is “neither Jew nor Greek” – however, just as there is neither “male nor female” – there abides Jewish Christians and Christians who are non-Jewish–it is what it is.

The “assimilating influences” of the overwhelming number of “goyim” within the ONE BODY tends to “swallow up” the Jewish Christians; however, with the rebirth of the State of Israel, that mitigating influence (i.e., the loss of “Jewishness” juxtaposed to “the Elect from the Nations”) has been diminished – and all the more with the rise of “Messianic Judaism” – which is readily recognized by Christians of non-Jewish backgrounds but vociferously resisted as a branch of Judaism by non-believing Jews (however, not like it used to be – an encouraging development indeed!).

Messianic Congregations which wholeheartedly welcome BOTH believing Jews and folks with non-Jewish backgrounds provide extraordinary examples of true unity in Messiah and should be encouraged to thrive!

Bless and Shalom – Doug Krieger