Category: Doug Hamp

Commonwealth Theology Basic Introduction

Commonwealth Theology Basic Introduction

The foundation of Commonwealth Theology is taken from Paul’s statement that the gentiles are no longer “without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world” (Eph. 2:12). Paul recognized God’s promise that He would create a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah (Jer. 31:31) – which Yeshua/Jesus enacted with His own blood at the cross. A new covenant was needed because Israel broke the marriage covenant God made with them at Sinai leading God to state: “My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them” (Jer 31:32).

When the united kingdom of Israel split in 932 BC, (or cir. 929 BC) ten tribes broke off from Judah and became the

northern kingdom of Israel, also known as Ephraim (aka Samaria, Jezreel). Ephraim’s sin continued to grow until God declared “For I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, But I will utterly take them away” (Hos 1:6).  “Yet I will have mercy on the house of Judah” (Hos 1:7).

He also divorced the northern kingdom of Israel: “Then I saw that for all the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce” (Jer.. 3:8).  They were then swallowed up by the gentiles (Hos 8:8) and became wanderers among the nations (Hos 9:17). Nevertheless, God promised to make them His people once again so that instead of saying: “You are not My people,” it would be said to them, “You are sons of the living God,” (Hos 1:10) and He would make them His bride “I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, In loving-kindness and mercy” (Hos 2:19).

The apostles Peter and Paul understood this when they both quoted directly from Hosea 1:10 declaring that the believing gentiles among the nations were in fulfillment of this promise: “who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy” (1 Pet 2:10). In Romans “As He says also in Hosea: ‘I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved. And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ There they shall be called sons of the living God‘” (Rom 9:25-26).

Therefore, Paul’s declaration concerning the gentiles (nations) who were once far off and aliens from the COMMONWEALTH OF ISRAEL signifies that they are now part of the commonwealth of Israel and no longer strangers. Paul is acknowledging that those who were not His people [Ephraim] have now been brought back into covenant with God and are now His people (as at the first).